LONDON — An American diplomat’s wife who left the UK after being involved in a road accident that killed a British teenager has been charged with causing death by dangerous driving, British prosecutors said Friday.

The Crown Prosecution Service said it had begun extradition proceedings against Anne Sacoolas.

The decision to charge Sacoolas, who has claimed diplomatic immunity, has caused tensions between the UK and the United States. British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab welcomed the move but the State Department called it unhelpful.

British police say 19-year-old motorcycle rider Harry Dunn died in August when he was hit by a car driven by Sacoolas, whose husband was an intelligence officer at RAF Croughton, a military base in central England used by US forces. Sacoolas claimed diplomatic immunity and left Britain after the crash.

Dunn’s family has urged her to return and face British justice, and met with US President Donald Trump in Washington as part of their campaign.

Britain’s prosecution service said it had authorized police to charge Sacoolas with causing death by dangerous driving — which carries a maximum sentence of 14 years in prison — “following a thorough review of the evidence available.”

Prosecutors said they had begun extradition proceedings although it is up to the government to formally ask through diplomatic channels for Sacoolas to be sent back to Britain.

Sacoolas’s lawyer, Amy Jeffress, said her client had co-operated fully with the investigation but “will not return voluntarily to the United Kingdom to face a potential jail sentence for what was a terrible but unintentional accident.”

Dunn’s mother, Charlotte Charles, said the charge was “a huge step in the start of achieving the promise to Harry that we made.”

“We made that promise to him the night we lost him to seek justice, thinking it was going to be really easy,” she said. “We had no idea it was going to be this hard and it would take this long, but we really feel it is one huge step towards that promise we made Harry.”

The tragedy has caused a diplomatic dispute between Britain and the US over Sacoolas’ legal status.

Under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, families of diplomats are granted immunity from arrest or detention. British prosecutors maintain that immunity does not apply to dependants of consular officials based outside of London.

But the US State Department said Friday that “at the time the accident occurred, and for the duration of her stay in the UK, the driver in this case had status that conferred diplomatic immunities.”

In its statement, the State Department expressed “deepest sympathies” over Dunn’s death but said the decision to charge Sacoolas was not “a helpful development.” “We are disappointed by today’s announcement and fear that it will not bring a resolution closer,” it said.

Raab, however, called the decision “an important step towards justice for Harry and towards solace for his family.”

“I hope that Anne Sacoolas will now realize the right thing to do is to come back to the UK and cooperate with the criminal justice process,” the foreign secretary said.

Dunn’s parents’ trip to see Trump in the White House in October sparked controversy when it emerged that Sacoolas was in the room next door, ready to meet them in front of journalists. They refused the offer.

Trump also appeared to be giving excuses for Sacoolas, saying American drivers often get confused because motorists in Britain drive on the left side of the road.

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